The History Department's Style Guide

(Source: Department of History at Wright State University, http://www.wright.edu/cola/Dept/hst/documents/StyleSheet.doc.)

Notes

Footnotes (or endnotes) are used to acknowledge borrowing from another writer's work.? You should cite a work when you quote from it or when you derive facts or ideas from it,?even if you have summarized or paraphrased the information.?Only common knowledge, which is available in a number of sources, need not be acknowledged (i.e., the dates of the Civil War).?The following sections list the information that must be included in the first and subsequent citations of a work.? Examples follow.

First citation of a book:

  • Full name of author(s) or editor(s)
  • Full title of work, underlined or italicized
  • City of publication, name of publisher, and date of publication
    (Note:? well-known cities do not need to be followed by state names, and "Inc.," "Co.," and other such abbreviations may be dropped from publishers' names.)
  • Page number(s) cited
Example:

1.? Gordon A. Craig,?The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945?(London:? Oxford University Press, 1955), 5-9.

First citation of an article in an edited book:

  • Full name of author(s)
  • Full title of article, in quotation marks
  • Full title of book, underlined or italicized
  • Full name of editor
  • Publication information and page number(s) as above
Example:

2.? Catherine Jones, "The English Mystic:? Julian of Norwich," in?Medieval Women Writers, ed. Katharina M. Wilson (Athens:? University of Georgia Press, 1984), 279-80.

First citation of an article in a journal:

  • Full name of author(s)
  • Full title of article, in quotation marks
  • Full title of journal, underlined or italicized
  • Volume number and issue number, in Arabic numerals
  • Year of publication (month optional; if you use it you do not need the issue number), in parentheses
  • Page number(s) cited
Example:

3.? Charles Hirschman, "The Making of Race in Colonial Malaya:? Political Economy and Racial Ideology,"?Sociological Forum?1, no. 2 (1986):? 42.

Subsequent citations:

Offer two choices:

  • Ibid. ("the same" as footnote directly above.? Never use ibid. if the previous note refers to more than one work.)
  • Short form:? author's last name, short title, page (or simply author's last name, page).
Examples:

4.? Craig,?Prussian Army, 28.
5.? Jones, "The English Mystic," 282.

Edition other than the first and work in a series:

6.? Isaac Husik,?A History of Medieval Jewish Philosophy, 3rd ed., The Temple Library (New York:? Harper & Row, 1958), 285.

Newspaper article:

7.? Seth Taylor, "Local Residents React to Clinton Health Plan,"?Akron?(Ohio) Beacon-Journal, 7 May 1994, sec. A, regional edition.

Book Review:

8.? R. Kent Newmyer, review of?1787:? The Grand Convention, by Clinton Rossiter,?Journal of American History?53 (December 1966):? 591-92.

Bibliography

The bibliography provides a list of the sources used in preparing a paper.?Include all works cited in your notes, as well as works you consulted but did not cite.? List works alphabetically by authors' last names.?The same information is present in a bibliographic entry as in a note, with a few exceptions noted below.? However, the information is arranged, capitalized, and punctuated differently.

Book:

Craig, Gordon A.?The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640-1945.?London:?Oxford University Press, 1955.

Article in an edited book:

Jones, Catherine.? "The English Mystic:? Julian of Norwich."?In?Medieval Women Writers, edited by Katharina M. Wilson, 269-96.? Athens:? University of Georgia Press, 1984.

(Note:? The pages on which the article begins and ends are included.?This is optional.)

Journal article:

Hirschman, Charles.? "The Making of Race in Colonial Malaya:? Political Economy and Racial Ideology."?Sociological Forum?1, no. 2 (1986):? 33-61.

(Note:? The pages on which the article begins and ends are included.?This is?not optional.)

Edition other than the first and work in a series:

Husik, Isaac.??A History of Medieval Jewish Philosophy.? 3rd ed. The Temple Library.? New York:? Harper & Row, 1958.

Newspaper article:

Akron?(Ohio) Beacon-Journal, 1 May-5 June 1994.

(Note:? You don't have to list newspaper articles separately.? Just provide the name of the paper and the dates of the issues you consulted.)

Book Review:

Newmyer, R. Kent.? Review of?1787:? The Grand Convention, by Clinton Rossiter.??Journal of American History?53 (December 1966):? 591-92.

For more detailed information on citing sources, including public documents, film, unpublished works, and electronic sources, see Mary Lynn Rampolla,?A Pocket Guide to Writing in History?(New York:?St. Martin's Press, 1995), or Diana Hacker,?A Pocket Style Manual, 2nd ed. (Boston:?Bedford Books, 1997).

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